Animals in Algeria

Animals native to Algeria may not be what you’d expect in an African country.

The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria is a North African nation that sports a Mediterranean coastline. Ecologically diverse, Algeria’s wildlife traverses arid regions, chotts, mountains, and wetlands.

Common Algeria Animals

Approximately 104 mammals make their homes in the North African country, but visitors are most likely to spot gazelles, jackals, and wild boars. Fennec foxes and jerboas are also plentiful.

But if you have your heart set on spotting a few leopards and cheetahs, temper your expectations. While the two are Algerian animals, they’re seldom seen.

Barbary macaques are one of the few animals native to Algeria. Unfortunately, the monkey is Endangered under the IUCN Red List. Poaching, population fragmentation, and habitat destruction are to blame.

Common fish species in Algeria include sharks, marlins, makos, hammerheads, and mackerels. Sahara frogs, European green toads, and North African fire salamanders rank high among the nation’s reptiles. Plus, Algeria’s insect population is healthy.

Birdwatching in Algeria

This country is a favorite among birdwatchers. Notable avian species in the country include North African ostriches, cranes, avocets, sandgrouse, doves, hawks, eagles, and starlings.

Endangered Animals in Algeria

Below is a partial list of endangered animals in Algeria.

Animal Scientific Name IUCN Red List Classification
Barbary macaque Macaca sylvanus Endangered
European rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus Endangered
Long-fingered bat Myotis capaccinii Vulnerable
Greater noctule bat Nyctalus lasiopterus Vulnerable
Mediterranean horseshoe bat Rhinolophus euryale Near Threatened
Mehely’s horseshoe bat Rhinolophus mehelyi Vulnerable
Fin whale Balaenoptera physalus Vulnerable
Blue whale Balaenoptera musculus Endangered
Sperm whale or cachalot Physeter macrocephalus Endangered
Northwest African cheetah Acinonyx jubatus hecki Critically Endangered
Leopard Panthera pardus Vulnerable
African wild dog Lycaon pictus Endangered
Eurasian otter Lutra lutra Near Threatened
Mediterranean monk seal Monachus monachus Endangered
Cuvier’s gazelle Gazella cuvieri Vulnerable
Dorcas gazelle Gazella dorcas Vulnerable
Rhim gazelle Gazella leptoceros Endangered
Dama gazelle Nanger dama Critically Endangered
Barbary sheep Ammotragus lervia Vulnerable

Extinct Animals in Algeria

As is the case with all countries, hundreds of animals from earlier epochs have gone extinct in Algeria. Over the past few centuries, scientists have added several species to the locally extinct animals in Algeria list. Examples include:

National Animal

What is the national animal of Algeria? It’s the Fennec fox, also known as the “desert fox.” The adorable animals, with their giant ears and petite bodies, are a beloved national symbol. In fact, the nickname for the nation’s football team is Les Fennecs.

Most Dangerous Animals in Algeria

What are the most dangerous animals here? Unlike other African nations, Algeria’s dangerous animals aren’t the behemoths — buffalo, hippos, and rhinos. But the country does have a few minacious beasts lurking about, including:

Below you can find a complete list of Algerian animals. We currently track 125 animals in Algeria and are adding more every day!

Algerian Animals

African Wild Dog

Also known as the painted dog!

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Antelope

Renew their horns every year!

Barb

There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel

Can survive without water for 10 months!

Caracal

Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chameleon

There are more than 160 different species!

Cheetah

The fastest land mammal in the world!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cichlid

There are more than 2 000 known species!

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Desert Locust

Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Elephant

Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Elephant Shrew

Found exclusively on the African continent!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fennec Fox

Found in the African Sahara Desert!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Gerbil

Originally known as the Desert Rat!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Hyena

There are four different species!

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jerboa

Tiny rodent with a kangaroo-like jump!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Liger

The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongoose

Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rhinoceros

It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rock Hyrax

Actually related to Elephants and Manatees!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Scimitar-horned Oryx

Believed to be the inspiration for unicorn myths!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Striped Hyena

The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Zebu

There are around 75 different species!

Zonkey

The offspring of Zebra and Donkey parents!

Zorse

The offspring of a Zebra and Horse parents!

Algerian Animals List