Animals in Myanmar

Below you can find a complete list of Burmese animals. We currently track 166 animals in Myanmar and are adding more every day!

Myanmar (also known formerly as Burma) is a mid-sized country in Southeast Asia that gained its independence from British rule in 1948. It is bordered by India, Bangladesh, China, Laos, Thailand, and the Indian Ocean. Across its vast tropical rainforests, wetlands, mountains, plains, and coastlines, the country is considered to be an immense biodiversity hotspot, but much of its unique wildlife is now in danger of being lost to human activity.

The Official National Animal of Myanmar

Both the Indochinese tiger and the grey peacock pheasant are on the list of national symbols. The endangered green peafowl was once a symbol of the monarchy and still appears throughout the country today.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Myanmar

Myanmar has dozens of national parks scattered throughout its diverse ecosystems. The Alaungdaw Kathapa National Park, located in the northwest region of Sagaing, features temperate coniferous, broadleaf, and mixed forests. Some of its residents include brown bears, barking deer, clouded leopards, civets, elephants, and other mammals. The Hlawga Park in the southeast region of Yangon features a diverse array of deer, pangolins, pythons, storks, and other types of birds. It also has a mini-zoo to delight visitors with tigers, leopards, bears, and crocodiles.

The Lampi Island Marine National Park, located in the country’s far south just off the coast of the Malay Peninsula, is a good spot to find whales, dolphins, dugongs, and sea turtles. It also has plenty of reptiles, amphibians, and the rare Sunda pangolin. Other excellent parks to visit are the Loimwe National Park, Mount Victoria National Park, Popa Mountain National Park, and Tanintharyi National Park.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Myanmar Today

Like few other places on the planet, Myanmar is a hotspot of deadly snakes. Out of the 150 or so snake species in Myanmar, around 40 of them are venomous. Thousands of people are bitten every year, and about 8% of them die, compared to only 4% elsewhere. This has made it dangerous to wander alone in some rural areas of the country.

  • Russell’s Viper – Only found in the western part of the country, Russell’s Viper is nevertheless highly dangerous. The venom from its bite can cause pain, swelling, and bleeding, which may persist for days or weeks. Unless the venom is treated quickly, kidney, respiratory, or heart failure can occur in a minority of cases.
  • King Cobra – As the world’s longest venomous snake, the king cobra has long been feared and respected throughout Southeast Asia. The dangerous toxin attacks the central nervous system, resulting in pain, blurred vision, vertigo, and even paralysis. Death can sometimes follow within an hour of a bite.
  • Indochinese Spitting Cobra – Endemic to the eastern part of the country, this snake has the ability to spit venom at its target, causing serious pain and possible blindness. If that fails, then it can inject venom directly into its victim, causing pain, swelling, tissue death, and even paralysis. In rare instances, death can occur.
  • Banded Krait – Identified by the alternating bands of yellow and black rings, this species can deliver a dangerous neurotoxin that causes vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and dizziness. Death can occur in a small number of cases.
  • Saltwater Crocodile – As one of the largest and most aggressive crocodiles in the world, this species will often attack and kill people who accidentally wander into its territory.

Endangered Animals in Myanmar

As deforestation has transformed its environment and poaching runs rampant, Myanmar has struggled to protect what remains of its diverse wildlife. Many of its unique animals are now in danger of extinction. These include some of the most well-known mammals on the planet.

  • Asian Elephant – One of the largest land animals in the world, the Asian elephant is now being threatened by habitat loss, population fragmentation, and the illegal poaching of its ivory tusks.
  • Indochinese Tiger – This subspecies of the tiger, found exclusively in Southeast Asia, is in danger of extinction from habitat loss and hunting. It is believed that less than a hundred remain in Myanmar and only about 350 of them remain in total.
  • Myanmar Snub-Nosed Monkey – First recognized as an independent species in 2011, this arboreal primate, with its black fur, long tail, and short nose, is native to the country’s northern forests. But logging and hunting have reduced population numbers to only a few hundred individuals.
  • Red Panda – This small carnivorous mammal, which looks like a cross between a bear and fox, is native to the country’s north. It is threatened by deforestation and competition with livestock for land.
  • Eld’s Deer – This species was once quite common throughout the grasslands of Southeast Asia. But after the 1950s, overhunting caused populations to fall by some 90%.
  • Fishing Cat – Endemic to the swamps and marshlands near the delta of the Ayeyarwady River, the fishing cat is a medium-sized wild feline, threatened by the loss of wetlands.
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper – This small wading bird breeds in Russia and flies south toward Southeast Asia for the winter. But the route along the way has been completely disrupted by habitat loss and industrialization. They are also hunted to death upon arriving in Southeast Asia.
  • White-rumped Vulture – This scavenging vulture was once widespread across Southeast Asia. But a decline in prey population and cases of accidental poisoning from medications have caused it to almost completely disappear.

Burmese Animals


First evolved 100 million years ago!


Renew their horns every year!

Asian Elephant

Domesticated for hundreds of years!

Asian Giant Hornet

The largest wasp in the world!

Asian Palm Civet

It mainly eats mangos and coffee!

Asiatic Black Bear

Known to eat 160 different tree-borne fruits in Thailand!


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!


There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!


Detects prey using echolocation!


There are 8 different species!


There are more than 350,000 different species

Bengal Tiger

The most numerous species of tiger!


Also known as the Asian Bearcat!


Not all birds are able to fly!


Also known as the Sacred Cat of Burma!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!


The most common species of bee!


Adoring, elegant and affectionate!

Burmese Python

These snakes can swallow their prey as whole.


There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cashmere Goat

Cashmere goat are named after Kashmir regions of India and Pakistan


First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Clouded Leopard

Has canines that can be two inches long!


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.


There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab-Eating Macaque

Found throughout the South-East Asian jungles!

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


Have changed little in 200 million years!


There are around 40 different species!

Desert Locust

Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.


Only 2,000 left in the wild!


First domesticated in South-East Asia!


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!


Has exceptional eyesight!


There are nearly 2,000 different species!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!


Spends around 22 hours a day eating!


The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fishing Cat

Scoops fish out of the water using it's paw!


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


There are 12 different species in the world!


There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Bat

Among the largest bats in the world


There are thought to be over 2,000 species!


Originally known as the Desert Rat!


Found in dense jungles and tropical forests!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Horseshoe Crab

Changed little in over 500 million years!


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Indian Elephant

Found throughout south-east Asia!

Indochinese Tiger

Now thought to be extinct in China!


There are an estimated 30 million species!


Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!


Tiny rodent with a kangaroo-like jump!

King Cobra

They are the longest poisonous snake in the world.


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Spends much of the time high in the trees!

Leopard Cat

There are 11 different species!


The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Have sharp spines below their eyes


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!


The lorikeet has a long brush-like tongue with fine hairs on it


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Masked Palm Civet

Found throughout Asia, India and China!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!


Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!


There are around 260 known species!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Myna Bird

For a nice price, the mynah bird makes a good pet.


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.


There are 13 different species worldwide


Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell


Can live for up to 100 years!


Most commonly found on the Indian mainland!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!


There are 30 different species worldwide!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 50 different species!


Omnivores that eat anything!


It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.


There are more than 700 different species!


There are around 2,000 known species!


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Siamese Fighting Fish

Can live in low-oxygen environments!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 3,000 known species worldwide


There are 140 different species!


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Sun Bear

The smallest species of bear in the world!


Populations have been affected by pollution!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.


The largest feline in the world!


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Tiger

None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


Actually a crustacean, not an insect!


There are 200 different species!


There are around 75 different species!

Burmese Animals List

Animals in Myanmar FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals are native to Myanmar?

Myanmar is particularly rich in bats, rodents, insects, hoofed mammals, monkeys, felines, snakes, and carnivorous wildlife.

Does Myanmar have any rhinos?

Myanmar was once home to two species of rhino: the Javan rhinoceros and the Sumatran rhinoceros, both of which are critically endangered. There are unconfirmed reports of some rhinos still living in the country, but no one has been able to check because of local conflicts.