Animals in Spain

Below you can find a complete list of Spanish animals. We currently track 151 animals in Spain and are adding more every day!

Sharing a land border with Portugal in the west and France to the north, Spain is a country of diverse climates and unique wildlife. It is comprised of the Spanish mainland, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, and the Canary Islands just off the coast of North Africa. The interior of the country is dominated by high plateaus interspersed by long mountain chains, including the Pyrenees, the Montes de Toledo, and the Sierra Nevada. The rest of the country is comprised of fertile farms and agricultural land. Compared to the hot and dry interior, the Mediterranean coast is kept cool by the sirocco winds emanating from Africa.

The Official National (State) Animal of Spain

The bull is the national animal and an important cultural symbol of Spain. Its cultural status stems from the popularity of bullfighting, which dates back to the 8th century. The most famous event, the Running of the Bulls, takes place every year between July 7th and 14th in the city of Pamplona as part of the San Fermin Festival.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Spain

Spain contains 15 national parks and many smaller refuges and reserves. Ten of these reside on the Spanish mainland. Four of them are on the Canary Islands and one on the Balearic Islands.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Spain Today

Spain’s hot and dry climate is home to several venomous snakes and spiders.

  • Lataste’s Viper – Found within the rocky outcrops of dry scrublands, woodlands, and coastal dunes, Lataste’s viper (also called the snub-nosed viper) can camouflage itself quite well. When it strikes, the snake delivers a powerful venom that may result in pain, swelling, discoloration, and tissue death. The young, elderly, and allergic are most at risk of serious symptoms.
  • Seoane’s Viper – Found all over the northwest of Spain, this large venomous snake goes by several other names, including the Baskian viper, the Iberian cross adder, and the Portuguese viper. It can be identified by the brown zigzag or twin-striped pattern on its body.
  • Asp Viper – A native of northern Spain near the Pyrenees Mountains, the asp viper delivers a very toxic bite that can cause pain and tissue death. The venom may prove fatal in rare cases.

Endangered Animals in Spain

While Spain extends protection to its diverse wildlife, dozens of endangered and vulnerable species could become extinct without proper protection.

  • Iberian Lynx – This unique wild cat was once widespread across southwestern Europe, but it has become endangered from habitat loss, overhunting, disease, and the decline of its natural prey. The lynx is now largely restricted to only a few smaller populations in southern Spain.
  • Mediterranean Monk Seal – The monk seal was once widespread throughout the entire Mediterranean, but overhunting and accidental entanglement in fishing nets have put it at risk of becoming extinct. Less than 700 of them currently remain in the wild.
  • European Rabbit – The famous European rabbit was originally native to southwest Europe. Later introduced all over the world, it is considered an invasive species because of the damage it does to local biodiversity. But in its original habitat, this species has been threatened by habitat loss, pollution, disease, and overhunting. It is classified as endangered by the IUCN Red List.
  • Iberian Wolf – This subspecies of the grey wolf was once widespread across Europe, but after decades of human persecution, it’s now mostly restricted to northwest Spain.
  • Balearic Shearwater – This long-winged migratory sea bird constructs a nest on the coastal cliff of the Balearic Islands in order to breed. It then travels out to sea for the winter season. However, the destruction of its natural nesting sites from coastal development and the threat posed by introduced predators have put this species in danger of becoming extinct.

Spanish Animals


First evolved 100 million years ago!


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!


Has a curved, upturned beak!


Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!


Detects prey using echolocation!


There are more than 350,000 different species


Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.


First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


Natively found in the European mountains!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!


There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


There are around 40 different species!

Desert Locust

Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.


First domesticated in South-East Asia!


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!


Has exceptional eyesight!


There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!


A very bold and ferocious predator!


The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.


Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire


Sleeps on just one leg!


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


There are 12 different species in the world!


There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill

Ibizan Hound

Intelligent, active and engaging by nature!


There are an estimated 30 million species!


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!


Live in dens in rocks and under ledges!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!


A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Monarch Butterfly

During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.


There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!


There are 30 different species worldwide!


Surprisingly, not a dolphin!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 50 different species!


Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!


Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.


There are more than 700 different species!


There are around 2,000 known species!


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!

Spanish Goat

They have long, horizontal ears.


There are 140 different species!


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stag Beetle

More than 1,200 different species!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


Actually a crustacean, not an insect!


There are 200 different species!

Spanish Animals List

Animals in Spain FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in Spain?

The most common types of animals native to Spain are the rodents, bats, deer, carnivores (like foxes and badgers), wild boar, goats, several types of insects and spiders, and water and song birds. Fish and shellfish are also common in the southeast of Spain where the Atlantic and Mediterranean mix. Dolphins and whales often appear off the coast of southeastern Spain.

What dangerous animals are in Spain?

Vipers and spiders are some of the most dangerous animals still found in Spain.

Are there tigers in Spain?

No, Spain does not have any indigenous tigers.